*EMBARGOED All research presented at the ACG Annual Scientific Meeting is strictly embargoed until Monday, October 17, 2016 at 8:00 am EDT.
Poster 1155 Low Dietary Fiber Intake in Inflammatory Bowel Disease Is Associated with Active Disease and Poor Quality of Life
Author Insight from Sinthana Umakanthan, DO, David G. Binion, MD, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
What’s new here and important for clinicians?
Data on the relationship between dietary fiber and the natural history of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is currently lacking. We aimed to quantify patients’ natural history of dietary fiber consumption and evaluate associations with patients’ quality of life, inflammation and disease severity. At this time, preliminary results suggests a low fiber diet is associated with poor quality of life and higher disease severity, using a cross-sectional analysis.
Interestingly, another group recently found similar trends, suggesting low dietary fiber intake was associated with risk of flare. As the prospective data collection continues, we hypothesize that temporal relationship associations between dietary fiber intake and IBD disease severity will be revealed.
What do patients need to know?
More than 60% of the patients in this study consume less than half of their recommended daily fiber intake. Patients with a higher fiber intake seemed to
experience less-severe disease activity and better quality of life. In the future, we will explore whether dietary changes can improve patients’ quality of life as they manage their IBD.
David G. Binion, MD, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
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